This flag’s history began in 1836 with a coup led by Juan Alvarado. Juan declared California’s independence from Mexico, recruiting American Frontiersmen who followed Isaac Graham to support Juan’s declaring himself Governor. The rebels were successful in capturing the capital of Monterey but could not sway southern leaders to join his rebellion. Facing civil war, Alvarado and others reached a compromise: California’s leaders accepted its status as a department in return for more local control. Alvarado became official Governor the next year, and The Lone Star flag, a single red star on a white background was created.